Title: Daily Describes Activities of ISI in India  

Document Number: FBIS-NES-1999-0630
Document Date: 30 Jun 1999
Sourceline: BK3006113499 Delhi The Pioneer in English 30 Jun 99 p 10 
Subslug: Article by Wilson John: "ISI Fangs" 

[FBIS Transcribed Text] PAKISTAN'S INTER Services Intelligence (ISI) has 
done what its Army can never do. It has captured the vitals of the 
nation, its tentacles are spread across every nook and cranny-from 
Gujarat to Assam, from Kashmir to Kerala. It can trigger blasts in remote 
places, fuel communal riots in peaceful cities and blow up railway 
stations anywhere it wishes to. It can spread terror wherever, whenever. 
Its control is full and final. There is not a city in the country which 
doesn't have either an active or a sleeper agent of the ISI. This agent 
can be your friendly next door neighbour or the local tailor or a 
businessman. They have been brainwashed or inculcated into the fold by 
the ISI either by financial allurement or in the name of religion. 
Whatever might be the provocation, the ISI agents are motivated enough to 
carry out the orders of their masters in Islamabad. 
The ISI has taken more than 28 years to implement its plan of action. 
After the 1971 bifurcation of erstwhile Pakistan into two nations, the 
ISI, which works under the overall control of the Pak Army, has been 
working with the sole objective of avenging the defeat and balkanise 
India. The plan was conceived by President Ziaul-Haq and was called 
Operation Topac. 
The objectives of Operation Topac were; a) to disintegrate India; b) to 
utilise the spy network to act as an instrument of sabotage; c) to 
exploit porous borders with Nepal and Bangladesh to set up bases and 
conduct operations. 
A close look at the ISI structure as it exists in Pakistan will reveal 
the extent of Islamabad's nefarious designs. The ISI is headquartered in 
Islamabad and works under a Director General, a serving Lieutenant 
General of the Pakistan Army. There are three Deputy Director 
Generals-designated DDG (Political), DDG (External) and DDG (General). 
The ISI is staffed mainly by personnel deputed from the police, 
para-military forces and some specialised units of the Army. There are 
over 25,000 active men on its staff. 
The largest wing of the ISI is the Joint Intelligence Bureau; it covers 
areas like political parties, anti-terrorism, VIP security, labour and 
students. The bureau has specialised sections-one dealing exclusively 
with India, another on Communist countries and the third on Africa and 
West Asia. This wing is primarily responsible for appointment and posting 
of personnel at missions abroad. 
The second most important wing is the Joint Signal Intelligence Bureau 
which looks after the communication network of the ISI and collects 
Intelligence through monitoring of communications channels of 
neighbouring countries. A sizeable number of the staff is from the Army 
Signal Corps. It has its units in Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar. It 
monitors, clicks photos and intercepts wireless communication. Its main 
activity, however, is to keep track of troop movements along the Indian 
border. During the 1971 operations, it had over 200 clandestine radio 
stations on the war front. 
The third significant wing of the ISI is the Joint Counter-Intelligence 
Bureau which, as the name suggests, keeps a surveillance on foreign 
missions and the ISI personnel. The branch which deals exclusively with 
India is the Joint Intelligence North (JIN). Its primary responsibility 
is to carry out operations in J&K and Afghanistan. It has been the 
main fund-raiser for J&K militants. The wing has also been providing 
arms and ammunition and operational guidance besides training Kashmiri 
youth in PoK camps. 
The ISI's main target has been Jammu and Kashmir where the first seed of 
terrorism was planted in the early '80s. It began with indoctrination and 
an India-hate propaganda. There were innocuous signs of militancy on the 
street walls where the most timid graffiti read: "Indian Dogs Go Back". 
These graffiti were soon replaced by street bandhs [strikes] and protest 
rallies and by the beginning of '90s, active terrorism had begun to creep 
up the pristine valleys of Kashmir. The ISI proactively trained 
frustrated youth, bribed and funded the so-called political and society 
leaders and subverted the law and order system in the State so much that 
the Indian Government had to send in the Army. 
The ISI had achieved first of its objectives early in the '90s. Kashmir 
had become an international issue with terrorism taking a deep root in 
its streets and bylanes. Orchestrated propaganda within and outside the 
country kept the Kashmir issue alive in international for an objective 
which gave Pakistan a fake legitimacy of being the underdog. 
The plan to take over J&K was drafted in the mid-80s. The blueprint 
was prepared by the ISI chief in 1984 to aid and abet militancy in 
Kashmir. Amanullah Khan, chairman of the J&K Liberation Front, was 
consulted, Mohammad Rauf Khan, senior vice-president of the JKLF a 
terrorist outfit since banned, was sent to the valley in 1978-88 to 
mobilise youth to join ISI camps across the Line of Control of arms 
training. Over 20,000 persons infiltrated into Pakistan. 
After pushing in militants, initially under the banner of JKLF, ISI 
floated several organisations-Hizb-ul-Maujahideen, Hizb-ul-Islam, Allah 
Tigers, Al-Umar Mujahideen, Muslim Mujahideen, Harkat Ul Ansar and Jamaat 
Hurriyat Conference. Besides funding, the ISI supplied both assault 
rifles and other sophisticated arms to the militants which included 
Draganov sniper rifles, anti-aircraft missiles and remote explosives. It 
also flooded the Valley with Improvised Explosive Devices which, till 
this date, continue to take a heavy till on security forces deployed for 
counter-insurgency operations. 
The ISI has been concentrating on Punjab, especially after Bhindaranwale 
inspired terrorism was quashed by KPS Gill and his band of supercops. 
Since then, the ISI has been promoting various terrorist groups like the 
International Sikh Youth Federation led by Lakhbir Singh Rode, Khalistan 
Commando Force, Babbar Khalsa International and Khalistan Liberation 
Force of Pritam Singh Sekhon. The ISI has been working in the North-East 
and Southern parts of India. Its links with North-East insurgents are 
well documented. It has not only been funding some out of the militant 
outfits but also been providing them with arms and ammunition and 
training facilities in neighbouring Nepal. 
The ISI's hand in the Mumbai and Coimbatore blasts has proved that it 
has been working quietly in spreading a terror network all over India. 
So while our soldier are fighting the enemy. Its agents are moving 
around freely, setting up bombs and creating communal rifts with 
impunity. Has ISI's Operation Topac succeeded? This is a question which 
every citizen of this free democracy should be asking today. 

[Description of source: The Pioneer--Independent daily with a reputation for 
strong coverage of domestic issues and thoughtful editorial positions; 
owned by the Thapar Group]